Revised by Marx

[Eccarius, Johann Georg]. Eines Arbeiters Widerlegung der national-ökonomischen Lehren John Stuart Mill's (bound with 14 additional works).

Berlin, Albert Eichhoff, 1869.

IV, 76 pp. Publisher's printed wrappers. With 14 other rare pamphlets: a total of 742 pp. Basel, Bern, Zürich, Berlin, Chicago & Leipzig, 1866-1874. Bound in contemporary marbled half cloth with handwritten spine label.


First book edition: an expanded German revision of the series of articles written by Eccarius in collaboration with his friend Karl Marx, entitled "A Working Man's Refutation of Some Points of Political Economy Endorsed and Advocated by John Stuart Mill" and published in the "Commonwealth" newspaper in 1866-67, just as Marx was completing "Das Kapital". Much of the book, revised by Marx and thus an authorized expression of his views, is dedicated to the subject of capital, labour and population. Both Marx and Engels owned copies inscribed to them by the author; Marx mentioned the title twice in his correspondence with Engels (and later Engels in an 1885 letter to H. Schlüter). At the time of writing, Eccarius was one of the few so privileged to be shown parts of "Das Kapital" as it neared completion, and told friends that "the Prophet Himself is just now having the quintessence of all wisdom published". The copy of "Das Kapital" which Marx inscribed to Eccarius has recently been displayed at the Hamburg exhibition commemorating the 150th anniversary of what remains one of the most influential books ever published.

J. G. Eccarius (1818-89) was a German emigré tailor and labour activist in the English branch of the League of the Just. When Marx and Engels joined the League in 1846, it evolved into the Communist League, and in 1848 Eccarius was elected member of the new three-man Central Committee. A year later Eccarius co-opted Marx onto the same Committee (Marx later became President) and became his staunch supporter over the next two decades. Indeed, it was Marx who had given Eccarius his first publishing opportunity: Eccarius's article on "Tailoring in London or the Struggle Between Large and Small Capital" appeared in the London "Revue der Neuen Rheinischen Zeitung" in 1850. Marx helped him write the article, edited it, and probably formulated some of the passages - and then presented it to the public with a special blare of trumpets: "The author of the article is himself a worker in one of the London tailor shops. We ask the German bourgeoisie how many writers they have who are capable of comprehending the actual development in similar fashion [...] here a purely materialist and free conception, undistorted by emotional grumbling, confronts bourgeois society and its development" (quoted in the preface to the present work). Throughout the 1850s Marx continued to encourage Eccarius. He paid his friend's rent at a time when he had to give up tailoring due to bad health, and when three of Eccarius's children died of scarlet fever in 1862, it was Marx who organised an appeal to cover the funeral expenses. In 1864 Eccarius attended the first meeting of the International Workingmen's Association, the "First International", and was nominated by Marx to speak on his behalf. Three years later, just before "Das Kapital" was published, Eccarius was elected the organisation's Secretary General. Despite this close collaboration and friendship, relations between the two deteriorated over time, and ultimately Marx openly split with him, describing his former friend as "a scoundrel pure and simple - canaille even".

Bound with Eccarius's work are 14 additional pamphlets, including many exceedingly rare pieces with a focus on Swiss exile, economy or social democracy, some by leaders of the German workers' movement. They were assembled and frequently annotated or underlined by the Alsatian-born socialist and anarchist Charles Keller (1843-1913), an early associate of Elie Reclus and Mikhail Bakunin. They comprise, individually: I) [Oswald, Louis; Pseud.:] Philanthropus. Die Sonntagsheiligung im Spiegel der Wirklichkeit. Basel, Chr. Krüsi, 1868. 36 pp. Publisher's printed upper wrapper cover.

II) Die Kirche und der Reformverein Basel's. Basel, Chr. Krüsi, 1872. 40 pp. Publisher's printed upper wrapper cover.

III) Die staatlich unterhaltene Religion als Geister-Götterkultus, naturhistorisch, geschichtlich und philosophisch erörtert und dargestellt. Basel, Chr. Krüsi, 1871. 82, (2) pp. Publisher's printed upper wrapper cover.

IV) Verzeichniss der Mittelalterlichen Sammlung in der S. Nicolaus-Capelle und dem Conciliumssaale des Basler Münsters. Dritte Ausgabe. Basel, Bahnmaiers Buchdruckerei (C. Schultze), 1866. 68 pp. Publisher's printed upper wrapper cover.

V) (Bakunin, Mikhail et al.). Ist Netschajeff ein politischer Verbrecher oder nicht? Zürich, Genossenschafts-Buchdruckerei, 1872. 11, (1) pp. Stammhammer II, 159. OCLC 81760261. Rare apology for the Russian Nihilist Sergey Nechayev, just arrested in Switzerland and to be extradited to Russia. Among the seven undersigners, all Russian exiles, is the anarchist Bakunin, a longtime supporter of Nechayev's, though increasingly disenchanted with his troubled associate. Only 3 copies known, all in Swiss libraries.

VI) Schulze-Delitzsch, [Hermann]. Briefe an die Italienischen Patrioten über den Deutschen Krieg und seine Folgen. Berlin, Otto Janke, 1871. 32 pp. First book edition, reprinted from the "Vossische Zeitung". Not in Stammhammer.

VII) Lassalle, [Ferdinand]. Arbeiterlesebuch. Rede Lassalle's zu Frankfurt am Main am 17. und 19. Mai 1863, nach dem stenographischen Bericht. Vierte Auflage. Chicago, Charles Ahrens, 1872. 72 pp. First American-printed edition. Cf. Stammhammer I, 126, 5. With pencil signature "Ch. Keller" on title page.

VIII) J. Franz (ed.). Gedichte und Lieder freisinniger und besonders sozial-demokratischer Tendenz. Mit einem Anhange, enthaltend Mittheilungen aus den prinzipiellen Beschlüssen der Internationalen Arbeiterassoziation, sowie der Sozialdemokratischen Parteigruppen in Deutschland, Oesterreich und in der Schweiz, nach den authentischen Quellen. Zürich, J. Franz / Expedition des "Volksstaat" (Leipzig), 1872. 64 pp. Publisher's printed wrappers with faint signature of Charles Keller. Rare collection of popular socialist songs and poems by Herwegh, Freiligrath, Heine and others, with an appendix of statutes of the various Social Democratic associations, for whose benefit the booklet was sold.

IX) Bebel, Aug[ust]. Unsere Ziele. Eine Streitschrift gegen die "Demokratische Korrespondenz". Dritte Auflage. Leipzig, Expedition des Volksstaat, 1872. IV, 5-50, (2) pp. With red crayon signature "Ch. Keller" on title. Not in Stammhammer. Third, revised edition of Bebel's attack on several articles which had appeared in the Stuttgart "Demokratische Korrespondenz", one of the author's earliest works.

X) Liebknecht, W[ilhelm]. Zu Trutz und Schutz. Festrede gehalten zum Stiftungsfest des Crimmitschauer Volksvereins am 22. Oktober 1871. Nach der stenographischen Niederschrift. Zweite unveränderte Auflage. Leipzig, Expedition des Volksstaats, (1871). 42 pp. Uncut. With red crayon signature "Ch. Keller" on title. Stammhammer I, 136, 11. Marx owned a copy of the 4th edition (cf. MEGA IV.32, no. 775).

XI) Statuten der Volksbank in Bern. Bern, Heinrich Körber, 1874. 14 pp, final blank leaf. Publisher's printed wrappers. Cf. OCLC 731889859.

XII) Jannasch, Rob[ert] jun. Die Strikes, die Cooperation, die Industrial Partnerships und ihre Stellung zur socialen Frage. Berlin, Franz Duncker, 1868. (6), 66 pp. Stammhammer I, 114, 1. An uncommon brochure about strikes by the moderately liberal economist Robert Jannasch from Berlin, who agitated for the politically liberal Hirsch-Duncker Unions, seeking to align the interest of workers and of capitalists.

XIII) W[olfgang] H. Eras. Handelspolitische Aufgaben nach dem Kriege und bei der Annexion des "Generalgouvernement Elsaß". Berlin, Fr. Kortkampf, 1871. 48 pp. Very rare economic pamphlet: only British Library and Strasbourg show copies.

XIV) (Kost, Friedrich). Das Ergebniß des jetzigen Krieges für Deutschlands Handel und Industrie und die Stellung von Elsaß und Deutsch-Lothringen. Eine Anschauung aus dem Rheinischen Handelsstande. Berlin, Puttkammer & Mühlbrecht, 1871. 25, (1) pp. Publisher's printed upper wrapper cover. Rare brochure about the economic conditions of Alsace-Lorraine after the Franco-Prussian War. From the library of the Alsatian-born socialist and anarchist Charles Keller (1843-1913), an early associate of Elie Reclus and Mikhail Bakunin. In 1869 he attempted a translation of Marx's just-published "Capital" but had to abandon the project. He participated as a delegate in the Paris section of the First International and in the Second Congress of the League of Peace and Freedom in Berne. As a member of the Commune, he was injured fighting on the barricades in 1871 and escaped to Basel. Returning after the amnesty and settling in Nancy, he established himself as a poet and writer of workers' songs.

Stammhammer II, 99. Die Bibliotheken von Marx und Engels (MEGA IV.32), no. 350f.

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