Ward, Bernardo. Proyecto económico, en que se proponen varias providencias, dirigidas á promover los intereses de España, con los medios y fondos necesarios para su plantificacion: escrito en el año de 1762 [...]. Obra postuma. Tercera impresion.

Madrid, Joachîn Ibarra, 1782.

4to. (4), XXVIII, 319, (1), LXXX pp. Contemporary stiff vellum.


Third edition. Bernardo Ward, of Irish extraction, settled in Spain around 1750 to study the economic and social conditions of the country and its American colonies, and the means of remedying the state of the poor. The results of his investigations were published posthumously in 1779 (twice), and again in 1787. Palgrave calls it "perhaps the best digested and most methodical book written on these topics in Spain during the [18th] century". Ward particularly criticizes the prevailing system of taxation, and his suggestions include the suppression of exclusive privileges and of the exorbitant export duties on manufactures, the exemption of national manufactures from inland taxation, the founding of a Land Bank, etc. The appendix contains "Obra pia. Medio de remediar la miseria de la gente pobre de Espana", Ward's views on poverty, published separately as early as 1750. Here, Ward promotes a more rational and efficient use of the funds now expended on alms, emphasizing that Spain might benefit from the application of the idle poor to useful tasks.

Binding shows neat repair to top of spine; modern endpapers. Old ink ownership obliterated from title-page. A few leaves lightly browned, but a good copy.


Kress B.530. Colmeiro 401. Palgrave III, 656.

Art.-Nr.: BN#48667 Schlagwörter: ,