Burning oil wells at Baku

[Caucasus - Russio-Persian War of 1722-1723]. Der Allerneueste Staat von Casan, Astracan, Georgien und Vieler Andern dem Czaren, Sultan und Schach, Zinsbaren und Unterthanen Tartarn, Landschaften und Provinzien: samt einer kurzen Nachricht von der Caspischen See, dem Daria-Strom, ingleichen von dem Persischen Hof, und Dessen Allerneuesten Staats- und Kriegs-Verfassung; zur Erläuterung der Russisch- und Persischen Kriegs-Operationen entworfen, und mit dienlichen Kupfern ausgezieret.

Nuremberg, Johann Ernst Adelbulner for Wolfgang Moritz Endter's heirs, 1723.

8vo. (14), 398 pp. With 4 folding engr. plates (lacks frontispiece). Period quarter vellum with marbled papered boards.


Rare first issue of the first edition: the "very latest account of Kazan, Astrakhan, Georgia and many other Tartaries, regions, and provinces tributary and subject to the Tsar, Sultan and Shah". A scarce work thoroughly describing the regions of Southern Russia, the Caucasus and the Caspian Sea, and one of the first books on the Russio-Persian War of 1722-23, published anonymously just a year after the end of the war. The author describes the operations which ended with a Russian victory and the subsequent Russian annexation of the Persian cities Derbent, Baku, Rasht, and the northern Persian provinces of Shirvan, Gilyan and others. He also describes all regions influenced by the war: the Volga River and all its major cities, including Kazan and Astrakhan (as the two main centers of the organization of the Persian campaign); the Caucasus: Georgia, Mingrelia, Dagestan and others; the Western Caspian Sea region and its largest cities Baku, Derbent and Shemakha. Remarkably, Baku inhabitants are described as sick and lethargic, due to contamination of the water by Naphta (oil). The text describes the geography of the Caucasus Mountains, including Mount Elbrus, the manners and customs of the people, genealogy of local Georgian and Mingrelian princes and others. With three engraved views of Derbent, Baku and Shemakha (the Baku view showing various images of burning oil wells) and an engraved plate of local costumes; wants the portrait frontispiece of the Persian Sultan Hossein. Old ownership stamp "G.W.B.D." on title-page. A good copy.

Cf. Nitsche/Stender 189. VD 18, 1116221X ("1724").