Relaçaõ, e descripçaõ de Guiné na qual se trata das varias naçoens de negros, que a povoaõ, dos seus costumes, leys, ritos, ceremonias, guerras, armas, trajos, da qualidade dos portos, e do commercio, que nelles se faz.
4to. With a woodcut decoration on the title-page, headpieces and a large tailpiece. Modern decorated paper covers.
First edition of a very rare, important early description of West Africa, and the Guinea region in particular. The author, André Alvares de Almada (ca. 1550?-post 1598), was a Cape Verdean traveller in the late 16th century who rose to the highest ranks in the Portuguese navy despite being of a mixed (mestizo) background. His reports on the region in the present work date back to 1570. It is probably the best, most detailed and most original description from the early modern period of the peoples that inhabited the region from present day Senegal to Sierra Leone, paying special attention to the geographic dispersion of the different groups of peoples and their political-social organization. This makes Almada’s report an extremely rare and vital record of the Islamic popu-lation in this area, now its predominant population. Vitorino José da Costa acquired the ca. 1594 manuscript and initiated its edited publication in the present 1733 edition.
Some minor foxing, otherwise in very good condition.
Barbosa I, 136. Innocencio I, 58. WorldCat (1 copy, at the British Library).