Contzen, L(eopold). Die letzten Tage von Ormuz, mit Ausblicken auf die gegenwärtigen Verhältnisse am Persischen Goldf. Beiträge zur portugiesischen Kolonialgeschichte. (In:) Königliches Gymnasium zu Bonn. Jahresbericht über das Schuljahr 1902.

Bonn, Carl Georgi, 1903.

4to (205 x 254 mm). 1-35 pp. (entire work: 64 pp.). Contemporary papered spine.

 850.00

Rare treatise on "The Last Days of Ormuz, With Perspectives on the Current Situation on the Gulf", as the director of the royal grammar school at Bonn, the classicist Leopold Contzen (1836-1918), entitled his long essay. Framed as a contribution to the history of Portuguese colonialism, the study explores not only Albuquerque's role as the first European to enter the Gulf and as founder of the Portuguese Empire in the East Indies, but also discusses the then-current British presence in the Gulf - a situation of which the author is highly critical: "England intends to turn the Gulf into a British lake and has even been quite successful in this plan" (p. 29). Contzen places these developments in the context of the Baghdad railway, then under construction by German engineers, and of the ongoing geostrategic conflicts between Russia and Britain in the Middle East. He also mentions Kuwait ("a small Arabic separate state"), Bahrain, the British telegraph cable through the Gulf, and the pearling industry ("reaching as far as Ras El Keimah").

Edges lightly chipped; light staining; the cover bears the stamp of a school library in Hamburg-Eimsbüttel. A highly interesting study published in a hard-to-find occasional school report.

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