Lenin (Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov). Novija Dannyja Zakonah Razvitija Kapitalizma v Zemledlii. Vypusk 1. Kapitalizm i zemledlie v Soyed. Shtatakh Ameriki.

St Petersburg, Zhizn i Znaniye, 1917.

8vo (145 x 210 mm). 104 pp. Original printed wrappers.


First separate edition of Lenin's crucial pamphlet on capitalism and agriculture in the United States based on the U.S. Census reports for 1900 and 1910. The wrappers bear the date 1918; dated 1917 on the title-page. In his study "Lenin focused on black sharecropping in the American South to suggest that the American path of capitalist agriculture, which he had advocated less than a decade earlier, also contained authoritarian, even 'feudal' elements. After the American Civil War, Lenin noted, the American bourgeoisie restored 'the most shameless and despicable oppression of the Negroes' within 'free, republican-democratic capitalism'" (Zimmerman).

Written in 1915, Lenin, while in Berne, sent the manuscript to Maxim Gorky for the Parus Publishers in 1916, but it did not appear at that time. It was published in Petrograd in 1917 by Zhisn i Znaniye. Lenin never realized his intention of writing a second part of the book, which was to have dealt with Germany.

Upper wrapper detached; partly disbound. Faded stamp of ownership to front cover.

Lenin Collected Works XXII, 13-102. Zimmerman, Alabama in Africa 239.

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