On dialectics and the linguistic expression of concepts

Iji, 'Adud al-Din 'Abd al-Rahman ibn Ahmad al-. Al-Risalah al-'Adudiyah [Treatise on dialectics] (and): Sharh nazm alqab al-Hadith [A poem on the sciences of Hadith] by Muhammad bin Abd al-Qadir al Fasi.

Northern Africa, [1864-1897 CE =] 1281-1314 H.

4to (148 x 188 mm). Arabic composite manuscript on polished laid paper. Three sections of several different hands. (18), (104), (18) leaves. 15-20 lines of Maghribi script in black ink with occasional words in blue, red or green ink, first sections set within red and blue rules. Contemporary full red morocco binding with fore-edge flap, decorated with gilt stamps and blindstamped red medallions.


Later 19th century Maghribi manuscript containing two treatises: the first, the "Risalah al-Wad'iya al-'Adudiyah" (on dialectics and the linguistic expression of concepts) by the Persian philosopher 'Adudaddin 'Abd al-Rahman ibn Ahmad al-Iji (ca. 1281-1355 CE) from Ij near Shiraz. Al-Iji lived mostly in Soltaniyeh and for a while served as Qadi in Shabankareh, and later as Qadi al-qudat under Abu Sa'id Bahadur Khan. He returned to Ij and died as a prisoner in the fortress of Diraimiyan in AH 756, following a quarrel with the lord of Kirman (cf. GAL S II, 287).

The second text, from a different manuscript, is the "Sharh nazm alqab al-Hadith", a commentary by Muhammad bin Abd al-Qadir al Fasi on the "Nazm Alqab al-Hadith" (Poem on the sciences of Hadith) by Muhammad ibn al-'Arabi al-Fasi, completed on 25 Sha'ban 1071 H (25 April 1661 CE).

Dated several times: al-Iji's treatise is dated 4 Ramadan 1314 H (6 February 1897 CE), whereas the copy of al-Fasi's Hadith commentary is dated Dhu'l-Qa'dah 1281 H (1865 CE). The introductory text is dated 1280 (1864 CE).

Binding professionally repaired in places. A later handwritten note inscribed at the beginning of the volume appears to conflate the works' titles, giving the contents as Sharh al-risalah al-wad'iya. Occasional light browning and insignificant traces of worming, but generally well preserved.


GAL II, 208 (268) III.