Barthelemy, François Marie Marquis de, French politician and diplomat (1747-1830). Autograph letter signed.

Basel ["Bale"], 12. IX. 1795.

1 p. 4to.


Writes to "Monsieur le Bourguemaitre" about a message delivered by a special courier from the representative Martin de Thionville, informing that the army of Sambre and Meuse had crossed the Rhine close to Düsseldorf under enemy's fire. The army completly defeated the enemy and could take over Düsseldorf and gained 168 canons: "Le representant Martin de Thionville, Monsieur le Bourguemaitre, m'aprend par un courier que l'armée de Sambre et Meuse a passé le Rhin près de Dusseldorff sous tout le feu de l'ennemi, qu'elle l'a battu complettement, l'a poussé dans sa déroute et que le meme jour le fruit de cette bataille a été la prise de Dusseldorff et de 168. pieces de canon. Recevez Monsieur le Bourguemaitre, toutes les assurances de la considération la plus distinguée et de l'inviolable attachement je vous ai voué [...]".

The letter concerns a battle during the War of the First Coalition (1792-1797). In 1795 the French also started to occupy the region to the right of the Rhine. During the night from 5th to 6th September the French troupes first crossed the Rhine at Uerdingen facing resistance of the Austrian troupes who could as well not prevent the nearly simultanious crossings in Hamm and Lausward. The demand for the capitulation of Dusseldorf was accepted by the Electoriate of the Palatinate under the minister of Hompesch, and the fortress city was handed over. The troupes could withdraw without a struggle with all of the equipment except of the canons that had to be handed over. From Switzerland Barthelemy provided the French army with supplies. In 1795 Barthelemy was decisively involved in the peace treaty of Bale with Prussia, Spain, and the landgraviate Hesse-Kassel. A peace agreement with Great Britian failed.

Traces of old folding and old montage. Left corner with a small tear close to the text, without loss. ½ p. biograph. note of old collector's hand verso.

Art.-Nr.: BN#40621 Schlagwort: