First work on pharmaceutical chemistry written in Spanish, with 5 engraved plates

Palacios, Felix. Palestra pharmaceutica, chymico-galenica, en la qual se trata de la eleccion de los simples, sus preparaciones chymicas, y galenicas, y de las mas selectas composiciones antiguas, y modernas, usuales, tanto en Madrid, como en toda Europa, descritas por los antiguos, y modernos, con las anotaciones necesarias, y mas nuevas, que hasta lo presente se han escrito, tocantes à su perfecta elaboracion, virtudes, y mejor aplicacion en los enfermos. Obra muy util, y necesaria para todos los profesores de la medicina, medicos, cirujanos, y en particular boticarios; muy anadida en esta tercera impression.

Madrid, heirs of Juan Garcia Infanzon, 1737.

Folio. (12), 708, (28) pp. With the title-page in a border built up from cast fleurons and 5 engraved plates. Contemporary sheepskin parchment; recased, with later endpapers.


Rare third edition of a work on pharmaceutical chemistry written by the Spanish apothecary Félix Palacios (1677-1737). When the Palestra pharmaceutica appeared in 1706, it was the first work on the subject written in the Spanish language. Even though the book became widely accepted and used in Spain, Palacios met strong resistance from his colleagues because he rejected the galenic, or plant based, medicines in favour of chemical medicines. With this he rejected the ideas of Galen, Mesue and Dioscorides, which were still the standard in most parts of Europe and the Middle East. The work starts with a preliminary text, followed by a chapter on the general principles of pharmacy and chemistry in the form of questions and answers. The other four chapters deal with the ingredients and making of the medicines. It discusses distillation and calcination methods with the engraved plates showing various tools and instruments: pots, furnaces, alambics etc.

First few leaves slightly damaged along the extremities, waterstains throughout and binding soiled, worn and recased; a fair copy.


Blake, p. 336. Palau 209403. Wellcome IV, p. 286 (incomplete). WorldCat (6 copies).

Stock Code: BN#50186 Tags: ,