Beethoven, Ludwig van

Ludwig van Beethoven, German composer and pianist, 1770-1827

Beethoven is a crucial figure in the transition between the Classical and Romantic eras in Western art music, he remains one of the most famous and influential of all composers. His best-known compositions include 9 symphonies, 5 concertos for piano, 1 violin concerto, 32 piano sonatas, and 16 string quartets. He also composed other chamber music, choral works (including the celebrated Missa solemnis), and songs. In about 1800 his hearing began to deteriorate, and by the last decade of his life he was almost totally deaf. He gave up conducting and performing in public but continued to compose; many of his most admired works come from this period.

  • Beethoven, Ludwig van, composer (1770-1827). Autograph sketchleaf for op. 117, "König Stephan" ("Ungarns erster Wohltäter").Teplitz, 1811.

  • Beethoven, Ludwig van, composer (1770-1827). Fidelio. Eine Grosse Oper in 2 Aufzügen.Vienna, 1814.

  • [Beethoven, Ludwig van]. Grand Sonate pour le Piano-Forte composée par Louis van Beethoven oeuvre …O. O., nach 1802.

  • Beethoven, Ludwig van, composer (1770-1827). Autograph letter signed ("Beethoven").Vienna, end of March 1806.

  • Beethoven, Ludwig van, composer (1770-1827). "Neue Liebe, Neues Leben". Autograph musical manuscript.Vienna, 1798-1799.

  • Beethoven, Ludwig van, Komponist (1770-1827). Eigenh. Brief mit U. ("Beethoven").Wien, 23 Mar 1812.

  • [Beethoven, Ludwig van, Komponist (1770-1827)]. Anschlagplakat für Beethovens große musikalische Akademie am 2. Jänner …Wohl Wien, 1813.

  • [Beethoven, Ludwig van, Komponist (1770-1827)]. Partezettel.Wien, 1827.

  • Beethoven, Ludwig van, composer (1770-1827). Autograph musical manuscript.No place, ca. 1823?

  • Beethoven, Ludwig van. Fidelio. Eine große Oper in 2 Aufzugen [!] im vollständigen, einzig-rechtmäßigen …Vienna, 1814.

  • [Beethoven, Ludwig van]. Schuler, Johannes, Schriftsteller (1800-1859). Rede zur Geburts-Feyer Bethovens am 17. December 1838.O. O., ca. 1838.