[Hénault, Lucien, Belgian anarchist (1870-1914)]. Correspondence archive: 13 letters or postcards signed by various Belgian and French personages, all to Lucien Henault or his wife.
Ca. 20 pp., 8vo and 4to.
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Comprises: 2 ALS by Joseph Wauters 1875-1929) on headed paper of "L'Echo du peuple" (Brussels, 10 May 1910 and 13 March [?] 1914); ALS by Berthe Dethier on headed paper of "La Jeune Wallonie" (Brussels, 24 Dec. 1912, with envelope); ALS and APcS by Paul Reclus, son of the anarchist Élie Reclus (Brussels, 9. Dec. 1913 and 26 Jan. 1914); autogr. lettercard signed by his wife (Brussels, 26 March 1914); ALS by Paul Spaak (1871-1936) (Brussels, 16 Dec. 1913, with envelope); APcS by Paul Gille (Heysi-sur-Mer, 7 March 1914); APcS the poet Valère Gille (1867-1950), his brother (Jette, 21 July 1916); ALS by the feminist and communist Louise Bodin (1877-1929) on headed paper of "La Voix des Femmes" (Rennes, 29. Sept. 1920); ALS by the writer Georges Marlow (1872-1947) (Brussels, 19 Oct. 1926); ALS by the Marxist writer Charles Plisnier (1896-1952) (Saint-Germain-en-Laye, 30 June 1937); TLS by the Walloon politician Louis Piérard (1886-1951) (Brussels, 25 Nov 1945, with a few addenda).
A member of the Belgian Workers' Party, Hénault in June 1900 founded "Le Réveil des Travailleurs", a newspaper with anarcho-communist tendencies which had up to 1,200 subscribers. He contributed to "Le Libertaire" and "L’Effort écletique"; in 1901 he was expelled from the Workers' Party for publishing his possibly best-known work the pamphlet, "Le Parti ouvrier et l’Anarchie" (Fauvel-Rouif 73). In April that same year he apparently took part in the anarchist congress held in Brussels, which brought together around thirty delegates, including Chapelier, Mestag and Peuchot. Hénault emigrated to Brazil in 1902 and remained there for three years. After his return to Belgium he became head of service at the Hôpital de Saint-Gilles in Brussels. While still an anarchist, he was then mainly active in the Free Thought movement. In 1911 Hénault became secretary of the "Amis de l’Orphelinat rationaliste" and published the magazine of this association, "L'École franchisee", which appeared from September 1913 until his death.
For Henault cf. Nettlau, Geschichte der Anarchie I, 329.
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