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Commentary on Avicenna

Da Monte, Giovanni Battista. In primi lib. Canonis Avicennae primam fen, profundissima commentaria. Adiecto nuper secundo, quod numquam antea fuerat typis excusum; de membris capite.

Venice, Vincenzo Valgrisi & Baldassarre Costantini , 1557.

8vo. (32), 651, (1) pp. (without the 2 final blanks). With woodcut printer's decive to t. p. and woodcut initials. Contemp. limp vellum with ms. title to spine.

Posthumous edition (by Giano Matteo Durastante) of Giambattista da Monte's (1489-1551) commentary on book (kitab) 1, part (fen) 1 of Avicenna's systematic "Canon of Medicine". A corrected and enlarged edition of the work previously edited by W. Lublin and published in Venice in 1554. "The newly added chapter De membris (p. 553-605) is followed by 2 others: De facultatibus and De virtutibus naturalibus ministrantibus" (Durling).

Avicenna's Arabic "Qanun" was widely translated throughout the Middle Ages and remained the basis of medical training in the West as late as the mid-17th century. It continues in use to this day in parts of the Arab world. Through this encyclopedic work, the author exerted "perhaps a wider influence in the eastern and western hemispheres than any other Islamic thinker" (PMM). "The 'Qanun' [...] contains some of the most illuminating thoughts pertaining to distinction of mediastinitis from pleurisy; contagious nature of phthisis; distribution of diseases by water and soil; careful description of skin troubles; of sexual diseases and perversions; of nervous ailments" (Sarton, Introduction to the History of Science). The present part offers a definition of medicine and is mainly dedicated to a discussion of the four humours and temperaments.

Slight traces of worming to blank lower corner; occasional contemporary marginalia to index; altogether a fine copy.

Edit 16, CNCE 15943. Adams M 1681. Durling 3273. OCLC 14313430. Cf. PMM 11. Wellcome 4428 (1558 re-issue). Not in BM-STC Italian.